Lung Cancer Symptoms and Causes

The picture of an open heart is etched across the cigarette carton with bold words saying tobacco causes lung cancer. One of the most common lung conditions created by disease is lung cancer, i.e. the formation of cancerous cells within the lungs that is progressive and life-threatening in nature. Right in the middle of our chest are two sponge-like structures called lungs, left lung and right lung to be precise, where on a daily basis fresh oxygen-enriched blood comes and leaves.

The trachea or windpipe takes the inhaled air from the nasal pipes through itself and ends up in small branches inside the lung. Here the oxygen is filtered consumed and piped down to the rest of the body. The carbon dioxide accumulated then leaves through these trachea branches and out through our nose as we exhale. A thin layer veils the lungs called pleura that helps the lungs beat against the chest without causing friction.

Lung Cancer Symptoms and Causes

The trachea that reaches down to the lungs inside it gets divided and subdivided into parts and smaller tubes called bronchi. This is the prime place where the cancer cells first look for shelter. The cancerous cells forming inside are abnormal cells that have great power to multiply themselves at triple the speed of normal cells. But at first, no tumour or lump nodule is formed. It is only when these cancerous cells flourish under the nourishment of pure blood and oxygen do they start acting up eventually forming a tumor. A lot Many times these tumour cells metastasize; that is, the mother tumour cell breaks a small part of it and plants itself in another region causing cancer cells to expand.

Usually, cancer cells in the lungs are categorized into two different points.

Small-cell lung cancer is named after the characteristic and structure of the cancer cells formed inside the lungs which is common for a smoker or someone who consumes a lot of tobacco. These cancer cells usually take shelter in the centre of the lungs eventually spreading their wings on all sides. This is a rare case.

The long cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer named after its cell structure which unlike the former is larger in size. These cells are then further subdivided on the basis of their construction and chemical content.

Causes and Symptoms Of Lung Cancer:

This article tells about the Lung Cancer symptoms and causes which are useful to this dangerous health problem.

Causes of Lung Cancer:

Often a heavy smoker has a high chance of risking lung cancer among other people. Some of the causes due to which lung cancer is born are listed below.

1. Smoking:

By far the highest number of lung cancer cases pulled in recognizes their patients as heavy smokers. The doctors say 90% of the patients are victims of chain smoking. The chance of risking lung cancer is directly proportional to the amount of smoking. The more one smokes, the more chances one perceives of getting affected by lung cancer. Smoking at an early age enhances the chance by 30% more. However, a proper cure to this is to quit smoking so that in the near future you reduce the chances of smoking. Pipe smokers are also in line; however, tobacco smoking cases are the most common.

Another reason you might be at risk is passive smoking, which is harmful to avoid. Many a person do not smoke but inhabiting an environment where almost all people do, passive smoking can be a pathway.

2. Air Pollution:

This world is filled with a dangerous case of pollution with the air being infected by dust and toxic pollutants. One cannot help but inhale the polluted air which is why even if you do not smoke you are at a chance of risking lung cancer. However, This is a really common case and mostly applies to people with weak immune systems.

3. Work Hazard:

The place you work in might also determine the chances of you getting lung cancer. Often exposure to certain chemicals or elements might make you an easy prey to lung cancer. The first on the deadliest list is asbestos, silica, and so on. This is why often workers related to these elements suffer lung problems or cancer.

4. Heredity:

There is always a question of passed-on genes that you are bearing. If you have a case of lung cancer in your past generations, chances are that you might as well have that gene as a curse. This lung cancer gene either gets passed on to the next generation or stays dormant and does not react. This is why a soon-to-be mother who smokes a lot should be careful not to pass any genes to the coming baby.

5. Tobacco Chewing:

Even though all the causes of lung cancer are linked to cigarettes, the main culprit remains the nicotine and, more importantly, the tobacco. Tobacco contains within itself two products namely the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nitrosamines, both of them responsible for providing a hostile situation for lung cancer to prevail. Hence, to reduce the possibility of concocting lung cancer, one also has to reduce the intake of tobacco. A lot of people, non-smokers, to be precise might get into a habit of chewing tobacco, a trait that will cause them harm later.

6. Difficult Working Situations:

Even though work hazards are mentioned before, the threat doesn’t lie in asbestos alone. There are a lot of other significant yet underrated work hazards through which the probability of getting lung cancer might be high. Certain chemicals should often be kept away from including diesel exhaust. Apart from silica, nickel, arsenic, cadmium and even coal fumes are some of those chemicals.

7. Bronchial Carcinoids:

Bronchial carcinoids are both the reasons and a type of lung cancer caused by the damaging of cells in your lungs that gives birth to these abnormal cells that are cancerous in nature. These cells multiply at a double speed than the usual ones and often would account for the proliferation of lung cancer more if not treated at the right time.

8. Radon Gas:

Causes of lung cancer can also be linked with radon gas. Radon is a natural decay of Uranium, and it naturally decays to emit highly harmful radiation. Radon gas is often found underground, which can travel up the soil and enter your house through a shallow base or through underground pipes. What’s more dangerous is the detection of the existence of the gas around you, it being colour and odourless in nature. According to a study, Radon gas lung cancer causes the maximum number of cancer problems in most US citizens victimized by lung cancer.

9. Immunity Check:

As mentioned before, pollution, air pollution to be precise is a strict reason why lung cancers might occur. A body with weak immunity is prone to succumb to the diseases caused by these airborne pollutants, thereby lessening your body’s defence shield. This is when a weaker immunity can be indirectly responsible for lung cancer.

10. Lung Check:

A lot of lung cancer risks have been related to previous lung diseases. This brings us back to the topic of immunity where if your lung is too weak to handle one blow to itself, you might likely attract lung cancer. If your lung is prone to misbehaving, maybe through tumours or other lung problems such as pulmonary fibrosis or COPD, which are diseases that increase lung cancer chances. Also, if you are a surviving lung cancer patient, don’t think your risk days are over cause a feeble lung is the perfect breeding place for the cancer cells.

Lung Cancer Symptoms and Causes

See More: Symptoms Of Leukemia

Symptoms Of Lung Cancer:

Cancers are pretty self-explanatory, and that is why some common signs and symptoms announce their arrival.

1. Chest Pain:

One of the dominant symptoms of lung cancer is acute chest pain. This can be either in a mild form or might be enough to shake you up from sleep in the middle of the night. This might be persistent and constant or reoccurring. Keep track of the place where you feel the pain the most. Keep track if you feel the pain expanding.

2. Excessive Coughing:

Another symptom of lung cancer is excessive coughing that won’t quit. This prolonged coughing is not normal and should be immediately taken care of. It can be in the form of a dry cough or mucous-related cough. Often if prolonged for a longer time one might experience blood and mucous along with their cough.

See More: Causes Of Malaria

3. Weight Loss:

Often when our body goes through something serious, the cancer cells use up all the body’s energies, significantly reducing our weight to a sweet nothing. A massive loss of weight might sound alluring, but once your breastbones and collar bones start sticking out and you feel easily fatigued and exhausted it wouldn’t be a pretty scenario then.

4. Breathlessness:

If the cancer cells have affected the trachea or windpipe chances are that one might experience breathlessness, This shortage of breath can reoccur suggesting a tumour or cancer cell temporarily blocks the path. Physical activity like jogging or simply climbing up stairs might cause this reaction to stir.

5. Bone Pain:

While chest pains are quite common during lung cancer, yet another symptom to keep an eye out for is the sudden appearance of bone pain which many due to age bars consider an arthritis problem. However, it has been documented that bone pain has often been related to lung cancer, especially the joints.

See More: Symptoms Of Leprosy

6. Recurring Lung Troubles:

Lung cancer symptoms may also occur in the form of repeated lung troubles. Here we are referring to minor yet repetitive problems of the lungs showing up every now and then. Not only are they weakening your system but also sign an ongoing cancer problem.

7. Coughing Blood:

Wheezing and coughing are quite common when it comes to lung cancer, but often things might take a much more serious turn as drops and blood spots accompany your coughing.

8. Body and Joint Swells:

Often lung cancer symptoms show swelling of body parts, especially the neck and the face region. This is where your face much like a common allergy starts swelling up, just a little every single say. Along with this, the inevitable joint pain occurs even to the point where your joint or bones start swelling up.

9. Fatigue and Weakness:

When you feel the days getting bigger and bigger and your patience to endure the day getting smaller with each passing day, you should know something is up. Uncalled-for weakness during the healthiest days is something we always pass off as a not-so-serious affair. However, little do you know that your body might give you signs to see otherwise. If persistent fatigue continues even after a healthy night’s sleep and proper meals, consult the doctor.

10. Loss of Appetite:

Symptoms of lung cancer also include loss of appetite. Often at times, you might suddenly realize how your eating habits have changed rather than decreased with the passing of time. Loss of appetite, however, can be aggravated by quite a few common everyday reasons, so make sure you know your reason perfectly.

In conclusion, being well-informed about lung cancer symptoms and causes is essential for promoting early detection and effective management. Recognizing persistent cough, breathlessness, chest discomfort, and unexplained weight loss as potential indicators can lead to timely medical intervention. While smoking, exposure to environmental factors like radon or asbestos, and genetic predisposition contribute to its development, adopting a healthy lifestyle and avoiding risk factors can help reduce the chances of lung cancer.