Bone cancer is two types primary bone cancer and secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer initially begins in the cells of the bone while secondary bone cancer starts in a different part of the body and then spreads to the bone. Ewing sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma are some of the common primary bone cancers.
Primary Bone Cancer:
Primary bone cancer or tumour can be divided into benign tumours which can have abnormal tissue growth (neoplastic), traumatic, developmental, inflammatory cause or infectious causes and cancers. Osteoid Osteoma, Osteoma, osteoblastoma and osteochondroma, enchondroma, aneurismal, fibrous dysplasia of bone, and giant cell tumour of bone are some of the examples of primary bone cancer.
Secondary Bone Cancer:
Secondary bone cancer can also be divided into malignant primary bone cancer. Ewing sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma are some of the common primary bone cancers. Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer which usually develops between young adults and children. After brain tumours and leukaemia, bone cancer is the third most common cancer among the children of the United States of America and The United Kingdom.
Chondrosarcoma generally develops in adults and starts in the cartilage cells which then move on to the bones. And Ewing sarcoma develops in the pelvis, thigh bone or the pelvis. People who are below the age of 20 years generally tend to develop this cancer. This article talks about the causes and symptoms of bone cancer disease.
Symptoms and Causes of Bone Cancer:
Symptoms of Bone Cancer:
Symptoms are generally what a patient notices which helps the doctor to diagnose the disease properly. The following are the symptoms of bone cancer:
- A swelling in the affected area.
- Loss of weight without having any intention of losing it.
- A mass lump may have developed in the affected area.
- Night sweats
- Pain in the bone may increase as the tumour increases or spreads to adjacent cells.
Excessive Bone Pain:
Excessive bone pain is one of the prime symptoms of bone cancer. One cannot just sustain the pain that occurs while one is suffering from bone cancer. Along with sever aches that occur frequently, there is maximum inflation which can take away your sleep. Sometimes the pain is so much that you will have to take the assistance of some medication and painkillers as well. There is no such home therapy or home remedy that can reduce the pain in the bones caused by bone cancer.
One cannot just avoid this pain. Sometimes, this pain is in the legs and the other times the pain is in the upper body limbs. It really depends on one’s capability to sustain it. A person can really fall sick if he or she doesn’t cure this cancer within a specific time. There may be some serious issues regarding this pain as it can be the reason behind the uprising of many other bone issues as well such as excessive swelling in the bones. The pain generally originates in the affected and gradually spreads throughout the body.
Fatigue is another important symptom among the many bone cancer symptoms. A person will experience serious fatigue issues if he is passing through the final stage of bone cancer. If that individual doesn’t make sure that his problem is solved at this point in time, then there is really nothing much left to be done for him as his or her condition will get really bad. The symptom is more common in men than women. According to a medical report and a recent survey, it has been seen in Asian and American countries as well the cases of bone cancer are rising on a daily basis and this has to be stopped. Even deaths are occurring due to bone cancer.
Serious weight loss is one of the most probable symptoms of bone cancer. You may have read about it in the books. There is nothing but logic behind it. Some say that this symptom depends from person to person. But there is nothing like that. Both genders and people of almost all ages experience this symptom. If your bones are weak, then there is a high chance that you will be affected by the symptoms of bone cancer.
Now, when you’re suffering from bone cancer, then your bones will lose the calcium content in it, which will further make them weak. There is a certain weight of the bones which adds up with the body weight. If the weight of the bone declines, then naturally the person’s weight will also fall and this can be really bad for both men and women. So don’t take chances, just take your vitamins.
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Bone Cancer Causes:
Primary bone cancer is not a very common cancer. Males are more likely to suffer from bone cancer than women. The causes of bone cancer may be various. Some of them are mentioned below:
It is unusual that bone cancer is probably the only cancer that occurs among younger people. Osteosarcoma is generally diagnosed in young adults or teenagers. Osteosarcoma may also occur among people who are above the age group of 60. Ewing sarcoma is another type of bone cancer that is very common among young people who are in the age group of 10 to 20 years. But it is not confined to these people only. It can also occur among older adults and children. Spindle cell sarcomas and chondrosarcoma generally tend to occur among adults who are above the age group of 40.
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2. Injuries And Knocks:
It is a misconception of people that a bone injury or knock may result in bone cancer. An injury basically develops a swelling which when diagnosed shows a cancer that was already there. Also, a bone which is weakened by cancer may be susceptible to fractures and breakage.
3. Cancer Treatments:
If you have been treated for cancer before then the chances of you suffering from bone cancer may be higher. If a person is treated with radiotherapy at a very early age then his risk of becoming the victim of bone cancer gets higher. Treatment with higher doses of chemotherapy also increases the chances of getting bone cancer. Also, people who have been treated with soft tissue sarcoma and retinoblastoma also raise the risk of suffering of bone cancer.
4. Other Bone Diseases:
Some types of bone diseases such as Paget’s disease of the bone increase the chances of becoming a victim of bone cancer. Other bone diseases such as chondrosarcoma, and Ollier’s disease also raise the risk of bone cancer in a person.
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5. Genetic Factors:
Li-Fraumeni is a genetic condition which runs in the family. It is the result of a gene fault which is inherited by the parents. Li-Fraumeni raises the risk of different cancers including bone cancer. Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that is caused due to faulty genes. This cancer when treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy leads to Osteosarcoma. Hereditary multiple exostoses are another hereditary condition which may increase the chances of bone cancer. People who have a mother who has been diagnosed with breast cancer also have a chance of developing bone cancer later in their life.
However, it is not clear why a study has shown that Ewing’s sarcoma is more common among White Americans than Black Americans that is white Americans are nine times more likely to suffer from bone cancer than Black Americans.
7. Being Born With a Hernia:
Children who are born with a hernia are 3 times more likely to have Ewing’s sarcoma. An umbilical hernia is usually caused due to a weakness of the muscle around the belly button. It is believed by the researchers that as the embryo muscle grows, factors which accord to an umbilical hernia also make the child more susceptible to growing Ewing’s sarcoma.
8. The Occupation of Your Parents:
Some of the studies have shown that if either of your parents worked on a farm or your mother spent relatively some time in the firm while she was pregnant may also contribute to the risk of getting Ewing’s sarcoma. One research has also shown that exposure to pesticides also increases the chances of becoming a victim of bone cancer.
9. Weak Bones:
If there is some mineral deficiency in the bones, then there is a high chance, that you will be suffering from the symptoms of bone cancer. This is one of the most potential causes of bone cancer. One can fall extremely sick if he or she doesn’t take proper vitamins which are supposed to feed the bones. Losing calcium from the body might be a bone cancer cause as well.
10. Bone Inflammation:
If there is an untreated bone inflammation case, then there is a high chance that the person will be suffering from the symptoms of bone cancer. You will be seeing the symptoms of bone cancer in you if the problem of bone inflammation in your body has not been fixed. This may be a serious problem and it is recommended that you don’t ignore it.
There are many researches held on a particular disease and different studies show different results. Hence all the research held on bone cancer may not actually relate to you. Like people say “you are unique”, and so is your disease sometimes. Thus is it always wise to consult a physician whenever you see or feel some sort of abnormality in your body or bones. You should also take the necessary medications and the tests recommended if you are asked to.
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