What is a diarrhea? Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Remedies.
Diarrhea is the second most common cause of death in children under the age of five. Every year around 525,000 children die from them. Diarrhea can last for several days and leave the body without the water and salts necessary for survival.
In the past, severe dehydration and fluid loss were the main causes of [diarrhea] deaths for most people. Now, other causes such as septic bacterial infections could account for an increasing proportion of all diarrhea-related deaths. Children with malnutrition or impaired immunity, as well as people living with HIV, are most at risk of life-threatening diarrhea.
Diarrhea is defined as the passage of three or more loose or fluid stools per day (or more frequent passage than usual for the individual).
[Diarrhea] is usually a symptom of intestinal infection that can be caused by a variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms. The infection is transmitted through contaminated food or drinking water or from person to person due to poor hygiene.
Types of diarrhea
There are three clinical types of [diarrhea]:
- Acute watery diarrhea – lasts several hours or days and includes cholera;
- Acute bloody diarrhea – also called dysentery; and
- Persistent diarrhea – lasts 14 days or more.
[Diarrhea] may also be classified according to the mechanism the disease is taking, even if it may overlap:
Secretory diarrhea means that active secretion increases or absorption is inhibited. There is little to no structural damage. The most common cause of this type of diarrhea is cholera toxin, which stimulates the secretion of anions, especially chloride ions (Cl-). In order to maintain a charge balance in the gastrointestinal tract, sodium (Na +) is carried along with water. In this type of diarrhea, secretion of the intestinal fluid is isotonic even during fasting with the plasma. It continues even if no oral food intake takes place.
In this form of diarrhea, the water in the intestine remains behind, due to the accumulation of non-absorbable substances. For example, sugar substitutes such as sorbitol and mannitol can slow down absorption while causing rapid movement of the small intestine
Exudative diarrhea occurs in the presence of blood and pus in the stool. This occurs in inflammatory bowel disease and other serious infections (such as forms of food poisoning).
This happens when certain pathogens such as Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, E. coli or Clostridium difficile attack the intestinal cells. Inflammatory diarrhea mainly affects the colon and causes abdominal pain, fever and bloody diarrhea. This is common in people with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
What causes diarrhea?
The most common causes of diarrhea are the following:
- Bacteria from contaminated food or water viruses like influenza, norovirus or rotavirus. Rotavirus is the leading cause of acute diarrhea in children.
- Parasites are tiny organisms found in contaminated food or water.
- Medicines such as antibiotics, anticancer drugs and antacids that contain magnesium.
- Food intolerances and sensitivities that present digestive problems with certain ingredients or foods. An example is lactose intolerance.
- Diseases affecting the stomach, the small intestine or the large intestine, such as Crohn’s disease.
- Problems with bowel function, eg. B. irritable bowel syndrome.
Some people also get diarrhea after having a stomach operation, because sometimes operations can cause food to move through your digestive system more quickly.
Sometimes no reason can be found. If the diarrhea has subsided within a few days, it is usually not necessary to find the cause.
There are some symptoms that can happen with [diarrhea]. Most frequently, the following are to be noted:
- Flatulence in the stomach
- Thin or loose chairs
- Aqueous chairs
- An urgent feeling that you need to have a bowel movement
- Nausea and vomiting
Other serious symptoms are:
- Blood or mucus in the stool
- weight loss
If you have watery stool more than three times a day and you do not drink enough liquid you could dehydrate. This can cause serious complications if left untreated.
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11 Natural Home Remedies for Diarrhea
- Eat lightly:
In diarrhea, the digestive system becomes weak. Therefore, it is advisable to consume as easily as possible. It is recommended that you drink liquids or eat foods that are easily digested and energetic.
- Dietary fiber:
Fibers are high in fiber and play a major role in helping the body regain the fiber’s lost fiber through [diarrhea]. You could feed on small-cut or grated apples and carrots.
- Flaxseed oil:
Linseed and the resulting oil have a dual function. It is used in recovery from constipation and [diarrhea]. Flaxseed oil contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and helps fight inflammation caused by [diarrhea].
Ginger is a natural remedy and can also be used in daily diet. You can take a small piece of ginger, smash or grate it and mix it with a teaspoon of honey to give it sweetness. Make sure you do not drink water immediately after this mixture.
Honey is used in oral re-hydration solutions (ORS) for infants and children with gastroenteritis. It reduces the duration of bacterial [diarrhea] and works well as a substitute for glucose in an oral re-hydration solution containing electrolytes. Studies have confirmed that honey reduces the duration of diarrhea in patients with bacterial gastroenteritis due to its antibacterial properties. Honey has the same effect on non-bacterial gastroenteritis as glucose for the duration of [diarrhea].
- Drink enough:
Diarrhea means loss of bodily fluids. This lack of fluids could lead to dehydration. Consequently, it becomes necessary to drink fluids after certain breaks. Coconut water and the like come to the aid
- Coconut water:
Coconut water is a starchy liquid and quite thick. As a result, it helps to reduce the excretion of excess fluid by exerting a “binding effect” on the intestine. In addition, it calms your stomach, thus reducing the burning sensation. Depending on the severity of the diarrhea, it should be taken every 5 hours or 2-3 times a day.
- Get enough rest:
Diarrhea leads to fluid loss and energy loss from the body. Since less food is recommended, it is advisable to rest in case of diarrhea in order to save the energy of the body
- Essential oils:
The use of essential oils for [diarrhea] may be a good choice for those seeking a natural remedy to relieve their gastrointestinal symptoms. Most cases of diarrhea are often associated with abdominal cramping and nausea, which can be remedied by the right essential oils. However, it is important to remember that not all cases of diarrhea should be treated this way, with some requiring immediate medical attention.
- Camomile tea:
To calm the irritated stomach, tea is always very helpful. In case of [diarrhea], chamomile tea is often recommended. Peppermint or fennel tea can also help. However, it is important to drink as much liquid as possible.
Bananas are gentle on the stomach and help you to replace potassium. It is a very important mineral in our body because it helps regulate fluids, muscle tension and nerve signals. If potassium levels become too low after diarrhea, muscle weakness and cramps can occur. Being a potassium power plant is just one of the amazing benefits of bananas.
S o stop diarrhea in infants and children
Dehydration is caused by the loss of body fluids that consist of water and salts. If children have [diarrhea], they can lose large amounts of salt and water from their body can dehydrate very quickly. Children can dehydrate faster when vomiting. Dehydration can be very dangerous, especially for babies and toddlers.
A good cure for diarrhea among children is oral rehydration (ORS). An oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a mixture of water, salts and sugar in specific amounts. This solution can be used even if your child has large amounts of diarrhea or vomits. Oral rehydration solutions can be used to:
- To provide children with good moisture if they have significant amounts of [diarrhea].
- Recover the lost fluids when children show signs of mild dehydration.
Oral rehydration solutions are available in pharmacies in ready-to-use preparations. It’s best to buy an already mixed ORS.
How do you prevent diarrhea?
Although some types of diarrhea, such as. As those due to other diseases are unavoidable, infectious diarrhea can be prevented. The most important way to avoid diarrhea is to avoid contact with infectious agents that can cause it. This means that good hand washing and hygiene are very important.
Diarrhea could be avoided by simple prevention methods. Prevention of [diarrhea] can be challenging due to contaminated water and poor hygiene. The following can help prevent diarrhea:
- Clean and safe drinking water
- Good sanitary facilities
- Good hygiene practices, including hand washing with soap after bowel movement, after cleaning a child after a bowel movement, after disposing of a stool, before preparing food and before eating
- Breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life
- Education about the spread of infections
What can you eat if you have diarrhea?
While a person recovers from diarrhea, they should eat something that is easily digestible and wants to absorb some water from the stool. People with diarrhea should eat light foods because spicy or complex foods can irritate the intestine.
Fade foods that can help with diarrhea are:
- Hot cereal like oatmeal, wheat cream or rice porridge
- Bananas, apple sauce, white rice bread or toast
- Cooked potatoes
- Unspoiled crackers
These foods can be helpful on the first day of dealing with diarrhea. Smaller portions during the day can help to keep the digestive system from overloading.
Probiotics such as yogurt and kefir may be helpful in some cases, but in other cases, probiotics may even irritate the digestive system. Probiotics help digestion by improving the balance between good and bad bacteria in the gut. However, dairy products can irritate the digestive system so that a person may want to try probiotic sources such as miso or sauerkraut.
Which foods cause diarrhea?
Everyone is different. What could cause diarrhea in one person might be fine with another person. In this sense, here are some foods and drinks that can cause [diarrhea]:
- Alcohol: Alcohol consumption can cause diarrhea in some people. This can happen with occasional or long-term use.
- Greasy food: These foods can make diarrhea worse. Therefore, it may be a good idea to avoid fatty foods such as high fat meats.
- High fiber foods: Some high fiber foods – such as bran and fruit – can be difficult to digest and cause diarrhea. Do not remove all fiber from your diet. However, you can eat foods with lower fiber such as rice, pasta or white bread.
- Excess fruit or vegetables: In some people, eating large amounts of certain fruits such as plums, figs, dates and raisins can cause diarrhea.
- Dairy: Milk, cheese, cream and other dairy products are known to cause diarrhea in some people, especially those with lactose intolerance. If you have lactose intolerance consider LACTAID products or alternatives to dairy products.
- Coffee and tea: Caffeine has been identified as a trigger for diarrhea in many sufferers. Try to limit how much caffeine you drink.
- Sweeteners: Certain sweeteners such as sorbitol, xylitol, manit and fructose, which are found in some drinks and sweets, have caused diarrhea. Pay attention to these ingredients on the packaging.
When is a doctor to visit?
Although no visit to the doctor is required for any type of [diarrhea], it is highly recommended to see a doctor in the following cases:
- Diarrhea worsens or does not improve within 2 days in an infant or child, or within 5 days in adults
- Chairs with an unusual smell or unusual color
- Nausea or vomiting
- Blood or mucus in the stool
- A fever that does not disappear
- stomach pain
In most cases, you can treat your acute [diarrhea] with over-the-counter medicines such as loperamide (Imodium) and bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate). Doctors generally advise against using over-the-counter medicines for people with bloody bowel movements or fever – signs of infection with bacteria or parasites. If your diarrhea lasts more than 2 days, seek medical attention immediately.
Over-the-counter medicines used to treat acute diarrhea in adults can be dangerous for infants and toddlers. Talk to a doctor before you give your child an over-the-counter medicine. If your child’s diarrhea lasts more than 24 hours, seek medical attention immediately. You can give your child the usual age-appropriate diet. You can give your baby mother milk or milk formula as usual.
How long does diarrhea usually last?
Most acute diarrhea events are due to viral infections and last for three to five days. Prolonged [diarrhea] – lasting more than four to six weeks – is usually due to an underlying gastrointestinal disease. The most common cases are diseases that cause inflammation and malabsorption of food.
What can you eat with watery diarrhea?
If you have watery stools more than three times a day, you can become dehydrated. This can cause serious complications if left untreated. Therefore, it is advisable to provide the body with [diarrhea] with moisture. This can be done by sufficient fluid intake.
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